Aortic valve atresia – pulmonary over-ride

Aortic valve atresia – pulmonary over-ride

Description

In this rare condition, the aorta is atretic but there is a large ventricular septal defect with the pulmonary artery arising astride the defect. Postnatally, flow to the lower body and arch is supplied by the arterial duct. The infant will present with evidence of hypotension and collapse on the first days of life as the duct closes. Staged surgery will be required as this is a variant of the hypoplastic left heart syndrome, although in this setting the left ventricle is a normal size.

Diagnosis

Only one arterial valve will be found. This valve overrides the septum. The single great artery arising from the heart gives rise to the branch pulmonary arteries and duct. The aortic arch is fed retrogradely from the duct. An atretic ascending aorta may be seen as a thread behind the pulmonary artery.

Differential Diagnosis

This condition is easy to mistake for a common arterial trunk. The clue to differentiate the two is that the truncal valve tends to be thickened and abnormal, whereas the pulmonary valve will be thin and mobile.

Sonographic Features

One great artery arising astride the ventricular septum.

The single GA gives rise to the branch PAs.

Reverse flow in the aortic arch.

An atretic ascending aorta may be seen.

Associated Syndromes

  • None

References

  1. Freedom RM In: Paediatric Cardiology Anderson RH, McCartney FJ, Shinebourne EA, Tynan M (Eds). Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh p737-765
  2. Freedom RM In: Heart Disease in Infants, Children and Adolescents Adams FH, Emmanouilides GC, Riemenschneider TA (Eds) Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore p518-9